God, Abram and Abraham Maslow

“Leave your country, your people and your father’s household
And go to the land I will show you.
I will make you into a great nation
And I will bless you
I will make your name great
And you will be a blessing
I will bless those who bless you
And whoever curses you I will curse
And all nations on earth
will be blessed through you.”

Genesis 12:1-3, NIV

The above passage is referred to as God’s promise to Abram. In it God tells Abram all the needs that will be fulfilled in Abram’s life if he simply depends on God to fulfill his physiological needs. God would eventually rename Abram to Abraham.

A few thousand years after this was written, Abraham Maslow came up with his renowned “hierarchy of needs”. This hierarchy had the five following components:

  1. Physiological
  2. Safety
  3. Belonging
  4. Esteem
  5. Self-Actualization

When I looked at this hierarchy the alarm bells went off, because I was deeply familiar with the book of Genesis and God’s promise to Abram in particular.

Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you fulfills the physiological requirement.

I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you fulfills the belonging requirement.

I will make your name great and you will be a blessing fulfills the esteem requirement.

I will bless those who bless you and those who curse you I will curse fulfills the safety requirement.

All nations on earth will be blessed through you fulfills the self-actualization requirement.

So, what is it that Maslow revealed to us that the authors of the Old Testament haven’t already recognized as fundamental needs? It appears to me that Maslow at best reinvented the wheel. At worst he plagiarized and secularized a Bible passage.

On further examination of this passsage and of Maslow’s hierarchy we can find that there is a defining quality between the physiological and the remaining needs. The physiological need does not require social interaction, the four remaining needs do. This produces another tetrad.


God, Abram and Abraham Maslow digg


Schools Must Cultivate Creativity

Sir Ken Robinson discusses how we are strip mining the minds of our children and creating educational inflation because we do not cultivate creativity in schools.


Think about this tetrad while you watch the video. Do we cultivate toward the physical or the conceptual in our children? How do we balance education to develop each facet equally? How do we get them outside the tetrad?

Intelligence is not Behaviour but Prediction

Came across a video of Jeff Hawkins of the Redwood Neuroscience Institute explaining brain theory.


Remember, the above diagram as you view the video. Also think about the Universe of Discourse as explained by James Moffett. The theory has already been hinted at.


Would you like this on a tee? Let me know.


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The Innovator’s (and SQL’s) Dilemma

Let’s look at Christensen’s four marketing issues again:

  1. Availability
  2. Compatibility
  3. Reliability
  4. Economy

How can this be correlated with SQL? First, data availability is determined by the SELECT statement. You query the database to determine if data that meets search criteria exists. Second, data compatibility is determined by the INSERT statement. Data is accepted if it is within the database structure’s definition. Third, data reliability is determined by the UPDATE statement. Data has to change as the database’s state changes to continue to meet the database’s objectives. Finally, data economy is determined by the DELETE statement. Data that is no longer of use can be removed from the database to free up available resources to achieve cost effectiveness.

  1. Select
  2. Insert
  3. Update
  4. Delete

Christensen’s Innovator’s Dilemma tetrad has provided us with another viewpoint on the SQL tetrad.

The Innovator’s (and Zachman’s) Dilemma


Clayton M. Christensen wrote The Innovator’s Dilemma almost a decade ago, but the insight his book provides is classic. Christensen’s research into the disk drive industry lead him to discover four categories of competition:

  1. Availability
  2. Compatibility
  3. Reliability
  4. Economy

Availability answered the question: Can it be done? Compatibility answered the question: Can it be done for me? Reliability answered the question: Can it be done when I need it done? Economy answered the question: Can it be done at the lowest price? The greater the number of customers you can respond to with a “Yes” answer the broader your market. However, your smart competition is looking for the niches you are responding “No” to.

When I look at these four categories I am brought back to John Zachman’s perspectives in the Zachman Framework. These same questions are posed when developing any system:

  1. Conceptual
  2. Contextual
  3. Logical
  4. Physical

The conceputal perspective answers: Can it be done? The contextual perspective answers: Can it be done by us? The logical perspective answers: Can it be routinized? The physical perspective answers: What is the lowest cost to do it? And these questions are asked for each of the focuses (People, Data, Network, Time, Functions and Motives).

So what Christensen really achieves is to provide a substantiation of his tetrad, and consequently Zachman’s, through a solid body of historical data.

Tetrad Theories (continued)

In my previous post I gave some examples of tetrad theories. Here are some more:


The first column is SQL again, just to give us our bearings. The second column is based on graphing terminology. The third column is based on a book Innovator’s Dilemma. The fourth column deals with the basic relationships and cardinality of data modeling. The fifth column with the basic facets of physics.

Again, the rows correlate.